Situated on Far-North East, Tuyen Quang Province is surrounded by Ha Giang, Cao Bang, Yen Bai, Bac Kan, Thai Nguyen, Phu Tho, Vinh Phuc provinces.
Mountains occupy almost area of province. The province has natural potentiality of primitive forest and mineral. The main rivers are Lo and Gam.
Influenced by tropical climate, the summer is very hot. There are two seasons: dry and rainy. Annual average temperature is 24ºC.